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Department of Nuclear Medicine

Nuclear Medicine uses a small amount of radioactive material called radiotracers that are typically injected into the bloodstream, inhaled or swallowed. The radiotracer travels to the area being examined and gives off energy in the form of gamma rays which are detected by a special camera called Gamma Camera and a computer to create images of the target organ. Nuclear Medicine imaging provides unique information that often cannot be obtained using other imaging procedures and offers the potential to identify disease in its earliest stages. The images are used to assess and predict the functional status of the target organ and this requires software-based complex computer data analysis. Here at BMBHRC, we have the state of the art imaging set-up and the most updated version of computer data analytical tool.

Our department is equipped with state of art GE Infinia SPECT Gamma Camera and Low dose iodine therapy set- up. Our team is up to date with current practices and offer care at par with world standards. We use this modern set- up to diagnose, evaluate, or treat a variety of diseases which include many types of cancers, heart diseases, gastrointestinal, endocrine or neurological disorders and other abnormalities. The entire procedures for any imaging are absolutely non-invasive and do not require any hospitalization.

The radiotracer used is an element that is present as represented in the periodic table of all known elements on our planet. We use only the radioactive (energized) form which is absolutely non-allergic, non-toxic, with no side effects when present in the human body. Further, this radioactivity has a very short half-life and decays spontaneously and is also eliminated biologically. This makes nuclear medicine applications in humans very safe and informative procedures.

We have an excellent team of medical radiation workers who are highly trained from institutes that are the best in the country and are capable of handling all kinds of patients wiz. Newborns, Geriatric, acutely or chronically ill, with or without extensive comorbidities.

Ask your physician about the advantages and benefits of the application of nuclear medicine and be assured by its efficacy and information. All investigations done here are designed and performed on a “Tailor-made” basis to give you the best possible results. You are free to consult our consultant and other nuclear medicine personnel before, during, or after the investigation. We promise a patient hearing to all your queries and alleviate any doubt that you have in your mind regarding this modality.

Present Status Of Nuclear Medicine Diagnostic Scans In BMBHRC


01 99mTC- MPI (Stress/ Rest) Assessment of the function of the heart muscle. It evaluates many heart conditions, such as CAD, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and heart wall motion abnormalities. It can also detect regions of myocardial infarction and ischemia. Myocardial viability can be assessed.
02 99mTC- DTPA Renogram Evaluation of relative kidney function. Assessment of split GFR, the relative function, perfusion and determine any possible obstruction to the kidneys.
03 99mTc- DMSA Renal Scan To assess renal morphology, structure and function in both congenital and acquired clinical states.
04 99mTc- Thyroid Scan To assess the function of the thyroid gland. Assessment of Graves disease, SAT, Differentiated thyroid cancer, with or without distant metastasis. Assessment of treatment response (I-131 therapy is also included here)
05 99mTC- Parathyroid Scan Detection of parathyroid adenoma.
06 99mTc- Whole Body Bone Scan Primary cancer of the bone and or metastasis from other primaries. Bony inflammation and fractures. AVN and assessment of bone graft.
07 99mTc- HIDA Scan Diagnosis of congenital, primary, post-operative liver, gall bladder, and bile ducts status. Determination of emptying of GB in response to a fatty meals.
08 99mTc-GI Bleed Scan Determine the origin of Gastro-intestinal bleeding.
09 99mTc-Milk Scan It is used to determine Gastro-esophageal reflux disease.
10 99mTc- Meckle’s Scan It is used to determine the presence of ectopic gastric mucosa.
11 99mTc- Gastric Emptying Scan Diagnose gastroparesis.
12 99mTc- Esophageal Transit Time Diagnosis of gastroesophageal diseases such as esophagitis and achalasia.

NOTE: Others relatively rare conditions such as brain tumors, peripheral lymphoscintigraphy, ventilation-perfusion scan, parotid (Salivary scintigraphy), etc. are done with a prior request for radiopharmaceutical procurement.

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Like all organs in the body, the heart needs a constant supply of blood. This is supplied by two large blood vessels called the left and right coronary arteries.

Over time, these arteries can become narrowed and hardened by the build-up of fatty deposits called plaques. This process is known as atherosclerosis, People with atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries are said to have coronary heart disease.

After a heart attack, you will need to see your doctor regularly for check-ups to see how your heart is doing. Most people who don’t have chest pain or discomfort or other problems can safely return to their normal activities within a few weeks. Depending upon your condition, the doctor may recommend it.

Lifestyle changes such as quitting smoke, changing the diet, or increasing your physical activity. Medications to lower your cholesterol or blood pressure and help reduce the heart’s workload.

  • Don’t smoke and avoid passive smoke
  • Treat high blood pressure
  • Eat food that is low in saturated fats, trans-fat, cholesterol and salt

Surgery is not an option to be considered lightly. Your cardiologist and cardiothoracic surgeon Will only recommend CABG when they believe other options like prescription drugs or balloon angioplasty cannot achieve the goal of keeping a patient healthy.

As with any other surgical procedure, there are certain risks that a patient should be aware of prior to surgery. The magnitudes of risks vary according to each patient’s specific health conditions. As with all types of surgery, a coronary artery bypass graft carries the risk of complications. Some of the main complications associated With a CABG are described below;

Irregular heartbeat

Up to one in every three people who have a CABG will develop a problem called atrial fibrillation, This is a condition that causes an irregular and often abnormally fast heart rate, However, this is not usually serious and can normally be treated easily with a course of medication,


There is a chance that the wounds in your chest and arm or leg depending on where the grafted blood vessels were removed could become infected after a CABG. This is estimated to occur in up to one in every 25 people who have the procedure.

There is also a smaller chance of more serious infections affecting the lungs or inside of the chest after CABG.

Reduced kidney function

Less than one In every 20 people who have a CABG will experience reduced kidney function offer surgery. In most cases, this is only temporary and the kidneys begin working normally after a few days or weeks.

In rare cases, you may need to have temporary dialysis until your kidneys recover. This involves being attached to a machine that replicates the functions of the kidneys.

Problems affecting the brain

Up to one in every 20 people experience some problems after a CABG and also find it difficult to concentrate on things like reading a book or newspaper. This will usually improve In the months following the operation, but it can sometimes be permanent. There is also a risk of serious problems affecting the brain during or after a CABG, such as a stroke, which can leave you with permanent movement, speaking and swallowing problems and can be difficult in some cases

Heart attacks

Both the: heart and the coronary arteries that supply the heart with blood are in a vulnerable state after surgery, especially in the first 30 days after a CABG. Your chances of developing coronary heart increase with age are more likely if you smoke, are overweight or obese, diabetic and if you eat a high-fat diet. Coronary heart disease can cause angina, which is chest pain that occurs when the supply of oxygen-rich blood to the heart becomes restricted.

There are several factors that increase your risk of developing complications, including:

Your age — Your risk of developing complications after surgery increases is you get older.

Having another serious long-term health condition — Having a condition such as diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or severe chronic kidney disease can increase your risk of complications.

Being a woman — Women tend to develop coronary artery disease later than men. It is thought this may lead to a higher risk of experiencing complications because they are generally older at the time of surgery.

Having emergency surgery to treat a heart attack — Emergency surgery is always riskier as there is less time to plan the surgery, and the heart can be seriously damaged from the heart attack.

Having three or more vessels grafted — The more complex the operation, the greater the chance of complications will occur.

Being obese — If you are obese the surgeon will have to make a deeper incision io gain access to your heart, and deeper incisions carry o higher risk of becoming infected

Contact your doctor for advice as soon as possible if you experience any of the following problems:

  • Severe or increasing pain in or around the wound
  • Extreme Shortness of breath
  • Swelling around the wound
  • Any pus coming out from the wound
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