COMPLETE ANDCOMPREHENSIVE Pediatric Cardiology

Department Of Pediatric Cardiology

Pediatric cardiology, at BM Birla Heart Research Centre focuses only on taking care of pediatric heart patients (i.e. from newborns till teenagers). Some heart problems that affect a child are structural defects while some are impaired electrical systems of the heart that controls the heartbeat.
The pediatric cardiology department at the BM Birla Heart Research Center offers patients with cardiovascular disease a wide range of diagnostic, preventive and therapeutic services. There are services 24 hours a day, 7 days a week for heart attack, cardiac arrest or failure emergencies.
The department houses a dedicated team of experts that can cater to all complex heart conditions (like responding to an acute heart attack within 1 hour of its onset to enable complete quick recovery) using state-of-the-art facilities and equipment. The staff of this department includes certified pediatric surgeons, cardiac anesthesiologists, cardiac pediatric intensivists, pediatric radiologists, neonatologists, and also pediatric nurses, occupational, speech, and physical therapists; and nutritionists. They all provide a supportive environment for the patient’s quick recovery.
 

Some of the common heart conditions dealt with under this department includes:

  • Congenital heart defects: These are the abnormalities in heart structure like holes in heart chambers, defects in major blood vessels, and valve issues. Some of them include Atrial septal defect, Ebstein’s anomaly, Aortic Valve Stenosis, Tricuspid atresia, Pulmonary Valve stenosis, Coarctation of the Aorta, Truncus Arteriosus, Tetralogy of Fallot, Ventricular Septal Defect, d-transposition of the great arteries, and single vertical defects.    
  • Heart disease: It can be an outcome of viral infections or chromosomal abnormalities. It often occurs as a complication from other medical conditions. 
  • Arrhythmias: A condition wherein the heart beats abnormally due to a problem in the electrical system of the heart, which controls the heart pumping.

 Pediatric cardiologists can also treat pulmonary or systemic hypertension (high blood pressure).
 

Services Offered at BM Birla Heart Research Centre:

  • Non-invasive and Diagnostic and interventional procedures: This includes the Nuclear scans for cardiology, CTC coronary angiography, Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, Head-Up Tilt Table test, and use of Atrial Septal Defect (ASD), Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA), and Ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure devices. Advanced imaging methods like Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Ultrasound, Computed Tomography are also available. To check for heart activity, ECG (electroencephalogram) machines are there. 
  • Balloon Valvotomy: A procedure to widen the narrow opening of a heart valve to improve its overall functioning.
  • PDA stenting: This is used for newborns suffering from Patent Ductus Arteriosus as it reduces the risk of thoracotomy in neonates and long-lasting scarring issues. 
  • Coarctation of aorta stenting: A stent (a metal mesh tube) is placed by cutting across narrowed aorta to treat the coarcted portion of the aorta. 
  • Balloon Atrial Septostomy: A balloon catheter is used to inflate the atrial septal defect and enhance the oxygenation of blood. 
  • Transcatheter treatment: It is carried out for sinus venous (first heart chamber) to remove blood clots in the veins.  
  • Transcatheter valve implantation: It is a minimally invasive procedure wherein the narrowed valve which fails to open properly is replaced by implants.

 Surgeries: Some of the surgical interventions conducted are for treating truncus arteriosus and repairing the aortic valve, mitral valve, tetralogy, ALCAPA (Anomalous Left Coronary Artery from the Pulmonary Artery), and complete AV canal. Others are Arterial Switch surgery, Cosmetic surgery for VSD and ASD closure, Bidirectional Glenn surgery, Neonatal BT shunts, Fontan surgery, implantation of pacemakers, and Pulmonary Valve Placement. There are also robust programs available for dealing with heart failures and transplants (i.e. replacing the diseased heart with a healthy donor heart).     

  • Additional services: Our department also has facilities to transport critically ill heart patients in a well-equipped 24X7 available ambulance. There are also cardiac Intensive Care Units, Operation theatres, and Paediatric Wards to provide the best possible care to every child patient having heart ailments.

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